Sugary poo could be used to lure destructive plant pests to their doom

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Spotted lanternflies communicate through their smelly excretions—called honeydew, reports a new study in Frontiers in Insect Science. This invasive species has been impacting crops in the northeastern US, but little is known about how these ...

'Iconic' plant family at risk: Scientists estimate more than half of palm species may be threatened with extinction

Scientists used artificial intelligence (AI) to help estimate the extinction risk of nearly 1,400 species in the palm family, Arecaceae. They believe machine learning can aid conservation efforts by speeding up assessment efforts for the IUCN Red List of ...

Family ties give animals reasons to 'help or harm' as they age

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain The structure of family groups gives animals an incentive to help or harm their social group as they age, new research shows. A team of scientists from 17 institutions in six countries, led by the ...

Multiplex gene editing rapidly customizes tomato cultivars with different fruit colors

Multiplex gene editing rapidly customizes tomato cultivars with different fruit colors. Credit: IGDB A research group led by Prof. Li Chuanyou from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology (IGDB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has developed ...

Study reveals phylogeny and adaptative evolution of barnacles to deep-sea chemosynthetic habitat

Phylogenetic topology inferred from the combined amino acid sequences of the complete mitogenomes of barnacles. Clades A and B indicate the two chemosynthetic barnacle lineages. The color of the species name and branch denotes the family classification of the ...

Smart technology aids research into a nationally important seabird colony

European shag. Credit: Tom Rabe U.K. scientists are rolling out an array of technology to understand if a charismatic seabird species will thrive or suffer under future climate change and extreme weather events. The research, led by scientists from ...

How money and technology are militarizing the fight against the illegal wildlife trade

Rangers in Kruger Park, South Africa. Credit: WildSnap/Shutterstock Thousands of animals and plants are bought and sold each year globally as food, medicine, clothing and furniture—even in the form of musical instruments. Wildlife, it seems, is big business. The ...

Study shows how turtles have fared a decade after oil spill

Josh Otten, who graduated in May from UToledo with a Ph.D. in biology, holds a turtle while downloading data to his computer on the Kalamazoo River. Otten is lead author of a new study that confirmed turtles rehabilitated in ...

Why wandering albatrosses get divorced: New research

Wandering albatross pair performing a courtship dance. Credit: Samantha Patrick, Author provided Monogamy is widespread among birds and it is well known that many seabird species mate for life. Famous examples include charismatic penguins and albatrosses which are often ...

Ancient footprints on UK beach record demise of biodiversity hotspot

Holocene stratigraphy, radiocarbon dates and footprint record at Wicks Path B. This is the only site without human footprints. Credit: Nature Ecology & Evolution (2022). DOI: 10.1038/s41559-022-01856-2 A team of archaeologists and geographers from The University of Manchester have ...

Female fruit flies enter the ring of sexual competition

Credit: CC0 Public Domain When it comes to sexual competition, males have the star role. Clashing bodies, locking horns, biting and kicking are all considered fair play. Since these behaviors are so salient and robust, most studies focus on ...

New study allows scientists to test therapeutics for rare neurodegenerative disease affecting young children

In this image of a human STEM cell derived neuron, the Trk-fused gene protein (TFG) is shown in green and the Golgi Apparatus, the organelle which helps package proteins for transport to the rest of the body, is shown ...

Meet the women hunting giant pythons 'eating everything' in the Everglades

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Donna Kalil loves snakes. She’s been fascinated by them since she was a kid living in the mountains of Venezuela’s capital in the 1960s, where her father was stationed as an Air Force pilot. “We’d ...

New study shows transmission of epigenetic memory across multiple generations

In a study of epigenetic inheritance, researchers created embryos of the worm C. elegans that inherited egg chromosomes properly packaged with the epigenetic mark H3K27me3 and sperm chromosomes lacking the mark. The one-cell embryo on the left inherited the ...

What keeps plant roots growing toward gravity? Study identifies four genes

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain What happens belowground in a corn field is easy to overlook, but corn root architecture can play an important role in water and nutrient acquisition, affecting drought tolerance, water use efficiency, and sustainability. If breeders ...

Report: More than 1,000 wild horses sent to slaughter

Credit: CC0 Public Domain The American Wild Horse Campaign released a report Friday documenting that 1,020 federally-protected wild horses and burros have been sold at slaughter auctions in the last 22 months. The campaign, dedicated to preserving the American ...

Study finds all African carnivores at risk for range loss

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain A new Yale School of the Environment-led analysis identifying gaps in maps that help forecast range contractions for African species found that all species studied have a portion of their range at risk and small ...

Examining the role of α-ketoglutaric acid (AKG) and its receptor OXGR1 in male sperm maturation

Schematic diagram of OXGR1-mediated AKG regulating the epididymal fluid acid–base balance. Credit: Chang Xu et al Infertility is a global public health problem caused by genetic defects, lifestyle, nutrition, and factors affecting the local metabolism and microenvironment of the ...

Measuring the temperature inside cells

Temperature change in brown fat cells: Mitochondria and Lipid Droplets. Credit: POSTECH Organelles inside cells constantly serve specific functions in the same way that individual departments handle certain tasks in an organization. Cellular processes alter the amount of heat ...

Invasive stink bug habitat could expand greatly with climate change

Map showing the geographical extent of the study. Sites monitored in each of three study years (2017–2019) are shown in different colors (points overlap across years). The diameter of the circles in each year represents the average weekly captures ...

Researchers study sugar uptake mechanism of industrial microorganism

Model of cellulosome regulation and sugar transporters in Clostridium thermocellum. Credit: Feng Yingang With the help of genetic manipulation and advanced biophysical tools, an international research team has gained unexpected insight into how a bacterium uptakes sugars derived from ...

Study reveals a master regulator controlling fungal infection of wheat

The pathogenic fungus Zymoseptoria tritici. A novel molecular tool allows microscopic detection of non-pathogenic spores (red) and the invasive hyphae (green). Credit: Professor Gero Steinberg & Professor Sarah Gurr The fungus Zymoseptoria tritici causes Septoria tritici blotch, the most ...

Structure of wheat immune protein resolved—important tool in the battle for food security

Comparison of ZAR1, Sr35, ROQ1, RPP1 ligand binding sites. Ligand binding to LRR of CNLs (Zar1, Sr35) and LRR-CJID of TNLs (Roq1, RPP1) occurs in equivalent region in the ascending lateral side of the LRR domain (compare concave, convex, ...

First confirmed sighting of pine marten on Anglesey in more than 30 years

Credit: Bangor University A rare pine marten has been photographed on Anglesey. This is the first confirmed sighting on the island in over thirty years of intensive wildlife monitoring. A team of Bangor University researchers made the exciting discovery ...

Early detection system for nuisance alga infesting Papahānaumokuākea reefs

New species of algae at Pearl and Hermes Atoll. Credit: NOAA/National Marine Sanctuaries A new species of nuisance algae, which was formally described in 2020 by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa experts, continues to smother more reefs and coral ...

Scientists develop novel technique to grow meat in the lab using magnetic field

Credit: National University of Singapore Scientist from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have found a novel way of growing cell-based meat by zapping animal cells with a magnet. This new technique simplifies the production process of cell-based meat ...

Scientists Discover That Chromosomes Are Fluid

The study found that chromosomes are fluid, almost liquid, outside of their division phases. Chromosome manipulation in live cells indicates that they are fluid. Researchers from CNRS, the Curie Institute, and Sorbonne University have successfully physically acted on chromosomes in live ...

Viruses May Be “Watching” You – Lying in Wait Before Multiplying and Killing

Phages can sense bacterial DNA damage, which triggers them to replicate and jump ship. Viruses may be ‘watching’ you – some microbes lie in wait until their hosts unintentionally give them the signal to start multiplying and kill them. Especially ...

Rodents are reservoirs for life-threatening disease, finds new study

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Fungal diseases in the human population are on the rise, so it is important for health authorities to understand where these pathogens come from. A new study has searched for fungi in the lung tissues ...

Flower strips and hedges combine to boost bees in orchards

One of the studied flower strip bordering an apple orchard. Credit: Credit Vivien von Königslöw and colleagues Researchers at the University of Freiburg have found that hedges and perennial flower strips are complementary in supporting wild bees in orchards ...

Growing Human Kidneys in a Lab – Scientists Have Made a Significant Breakthrough

Human kidney ureteric bud organoids derived from stem cells and stained for different proteins. Credit: Bonventre Lab/Brigham and Women’s Hospital A Key Step Forward One in nine adults worldwide has some kind of kidney disease, and kidney failure is ...

Taiwan's pangolins suffer surge in feral dog attacks

Pangolins, usually prized for their scales, brave a different danger in conservation-conscious Taiwan — a surging feral dog population. In most of its habitats, the heavily trafficked pangolin’s biggest threat comes from humans. But in Taiwan, the scaly mammals ...

Mysterious soil virus gene seen for first time

Crystals of the soil virus AMG product (chitosanase) at 400x magnification. Individual crystals were cryo-cooled in liquid nitrogen before being exposed to the powerful SSRL X-rays beams for structure analysis. Credit: Clyde Smith/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory In every handful ...

Molecular tags reveal how damaged lysosomes are selected and marked for clearance

The lysosome is an acidic intracellular organelle crucial for degradation of various cellular components. Upon lysosomal membrane damage, lysosomal hydrolases are released into the cytosol and induce stress responses or cell death. Here, we show that a newly identified ...

Climate change may impact marine environments more than anything else

Impact maps for the analyzed area. Impact maps for the Kattegat-Skagerrak, Baltic Proper, and the Gulf of Bothnia showing the percentage change between the baseline and the MEDIAN model ensemble for RCP4.5 (a) and RCP8.5 (b). Embedded text boxes ...

Efficient species monitoring method proves its worth for conservation management

An image representative of pāua beds off the coast of Warrington, Otago, New Zealand. (a) Blackfoot pāua (Haliotis iris) beds spread across rocks in a patchily distributed population. (b) three individual Blackfoot pāua covered in sand. Credit: Dr. Matthew ...

Chemical cocktail in skin summons disease-spreading mosquitoes

Aedes aegyptii mosquito biting a person. Credit: CDC Mosquitoes that spread Zika, dengue and yellow fever are guided toward their victims by a scent from human skin. The exact composition of that scent has not been identified until now. ...

Whale strandings: Five questions answered

Graphic looking at how pilot whales use echolocation to navigate underwater, and listing various theories about what could go wrong to lead to strandings. The death of about 200 pilot whales at a Tasmanian beach has renewed questions about ...

Gut microbiomes help bears with very different diets reach the same size

Alaskan brown bears (Ursus arctos) in a National Park and Preserve in Alaska. A recent study of the gut microbiome of Alaskan brown bears shows that the microbial life in bears’ guts allows them to achieve comparable size and ...

Surprising Findings: Bacteria Punish Cheaters and Enforce Fairness Within Their Communities

The extreme steps these microorganisms would take to punish cheater species surprised the researchers. A study reveals that bacteria can behave “spitefully.” Annoyed by freeloaders? You are not alone, and taking advantage of others is an issue that affects all species, ...

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