Quantifying global ocean inhomogeneity and exploring its evolution in climate change

Credit: CC0 Public Domain The ocean is intrinsically inhomogeneous in temperature and salinity. This inhomogeneity fundamentally influences physical and biogeochemical processes of oceans, causing mixing of water masses, and shaping three-dimensional geostrophic circulations. The ocean inhomogeneity ultimately determines marine ...

Applying a Special Type of Bacteria to Concrete Increases Its Strength by 30%

The researchers found that adding denitrifying bacteria can improve the compressive strength and tensile splitting strength by 30.3% and 20.3%, respectively. The addition of denitrifying bacteria to recycled coarse aggregate concrete can significantly improve its freeze-thaw resistance Concrete is one ...

Higgs boson: The 'God Particle' explained

The existence of the Higgs boson completes the standard model of particle physics.

Research on regional combustion efficiency in urban Beijing calls for top-down approach

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Urban areas account for 2% of the world’s land but are responsible for 40%–70% of global anthropogenic, or human-made CO2 emissions. Quantitative fossil-fuel and greenhouse gas (GHG) variation tracking in a city’s most densely populated ...

Researchers publish 'Guide to the Tadpoles of Borneo'

Unusual colour variation of the larva of a tree frog (Polypedates macrotis). The function of the conspicuous stippling is unknown. Credit: Alexander Haas Important, yet often neglected, tadpoles play a critical role in the ecology of aquatic habitats. On ...

How globalization could be making human parasites more virulent

Recombination analysis of chromosome 1 identifies two hybrid sequences, Spa1 (a human isolate from cluster 1) and Egypt 2 (a calf isolate from cluster 3). (a) Network showing that haplotypes of hybrid isolates Spa1 and Egypt2 are diverged from ...

Miniaturized, highly sensitive ultrasound sensor for photoacoustic imaging

Figure 1. (a) The schematic diagram of highly sensitive ultrasound detection system based on the microfiber. The schematic diagram (b) and micrograph (c) of the microfiber ultrasound sensor. Sensitivity (d) and response bandwidth (e) of the sensor. Credit: Compuscript ...

Image: Tenoumer Crater, Mauritania

Credit: contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data (2022), processed by ESA, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO Deep within the Sahara Desert lies one of the best-preserved craters on Earth. On Asteroid Day, the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission takes us over the almost-perfectly ...

The principle of inkjet printing and its applications on AR/VR micro-displays

Fig. 1 Line distribution yielded by inkjet printing of various solutions. Credit: Compuscript Ltd With the rapid development of artificial intelligence, image recognition and 5G communication technology, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) technologies are developing at an ...

Photonic synapses with low power consumption and high sensitivity

Figure 1 (a) Schematic diagram of visual perception and information transmission in human brain and corresponding artifical MoS2 synaptic device; (b) Comparison of single optical pulse width and power consumption among some synaptic devices. Credit: Compuscript Ltd Neuromorphic photonics/electronics ...

FEMA releases largest update to its mobile app in a decade

The Federal Emergency Management Agency is releasing the largest update to its mobile application in a decade, the agency announced today. FEMA is releasing the app at the beginning of a hurricane season that experts predict will be above average ...

US Supreme Court limits government powers to curb greenhouse gases

Emissions spew from a the coal-fired Brandon Shores Power Plant in Baltimore, Maryland. The US Supreme Court ruled Thursday that the government’s key environmental agency cannot issue broad limits on greenhouse gases, sharply curtailing the power of President Joe ...

New fossil galaxy discovery could answer important questions about the history of the universe 

Credit: CC0 Public Domain A new fossil galaxy, which was uncovered via a systematic visual search of legacy survey images using the Mayall 4-meter telescope, led by Dr. David Martinez Delgado, could teach scientists about how galaxies form and ...

Rapid seed dispersal by hornets facilitates reproduction of agarwood plants

Hornets consume and move fresh fruits of Aquilaria sinensis. Credit: ZHU Renbin Aquilaria sinensis (family Thymelaeaceae) is the principal source of Chinese agarwood. It is a vulnerable evergreen tree native to lowland forests in southern China. Its fruit matures ...

Pandas gave bamboo the thumbs up at least six million years ago

An artist reconstruction of Ailurarctos from Shuitangba. The grasping function of its false thumb (shown in the right individual) has reached to the level of modern pandas, whereas the radial sesamoid may have protruded slightly more than its modern ...

Algorithm predicts crime a week in advance, but reveals bias in police response

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Advances in machine learning and artificial intelligence have sparked interest from governments that would like to use these tools for predictive policing to deter crime. Early efforts at crime prediction have been controversial, however, because ...

Scientists Discover “Holy Grail of Catalysis” – Converting Methane Into Methanol Using Light

An international team of researchers, led by scientists at the University of Manchester, has developed a fast and economical method of converting methane, or natural gas, into liquid methanol at ambient temperature and pressure. The method takes place under ...

Vision and vocal communication guide three-dimensional spatial coordination of zebra finches during wind-tunnel flights

Zebra finches in flight in a wind tunnel. The birds use calls and vision to coordinate their flight movements. Credit: MPI for Biological Intelligence, i.f. / Susanne Hoffmann Many bird species fly together with conspecifics in flocks to safely ...

The path of most resistance could help limit bone loss during spaceflight

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Astronauts that have returned after spaceflights over three months may show signs of incomplete bone recovery even after one year on Earth, but adding in more resistance-based exercises during spaceflight may help limit bone loss. ...

Supreme Court severely limits the EPA’s ability to regulate carbon emissions

EPA can compel lower emissions on existing sources, not drive a shift to renewables.

This one simple trick can improve your musical performance

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Music performance is enhanced when musicians concentrate on the sounds they make, not on the movements of their fingers, according to a study led by researchers at the University of St Andrews. Dr. Ines Jentzsch ...

Could a Neanderthal meditate?

Body and mind. Credit: Emiliano Bruner Emiliano Bruner, a paleoneurologist at the Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), has led a study published in the journal Intelligence on how attention evolved in the human genus, which ...

'Shadow pandemic' of domestic violence

At the onset of the pandemic, the number of calls into hotlines went down. “But that didn’t mean that suddenly domestic violence was declining. It meant that the opportunities to have a safe space to call or ask for ...

Two transcription factors play important roles in fish sex phenotype formation

Live Korea Flatfish (Paralichthys olivaceus) sold in a supermarket in Federal Way, Washington. Credit: User:Vmenkov/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 Forkhead transcription factor 2 (Foxl2) and doublesex and mab-3-related transcription factor 1 (Dmrt1) have been proved to be the key ...

Looks can deceive: Evolutionary trees based on anatomy may be wrong

Look-alikes can be very different Morphology’s enduring importance The evolutionary relationships of Earth’s many living creatures have big implications for a range of fields within biology and ecology. It is therefore very important to map these relationships as accurately ...

Even temporarily overshooting 2°C would cause permanent damage to Earth's species

Credit: Ondrej Prosicky/Shutterstock The history of climate change is one of people slowly coming to terms with the truth. None but a small minority still question whether it’s real and caused by humans. Now most grapple with the reality ...

Review discusses using nonlinear optics with structured light

Credit: Cover image, Opto-Electronic Advances, vol. 5, no. 6 (2022) Light can be tailored, much like cloth, weaving and stitching a pattern into the very fabric of light itself. This so-called structured light allows us to access, harness and ...

Scientists propose novel algorithm to identify authenticity of crop varieties

Heat maps of the confusion matrices of wheat (a) and rice (b) sample sets identified by InResSpectra. Credit: Xu Zhuopin Researchers from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a new ...

Researchers seek to advance anti-racist school counseling, offer guidelines

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Dismantling inequality in U.S. educational systems requires ongoing, active, intentional participation in anti-racist practices by not only teachers but also school counselors, according to a College of Education faculty member. “A critically conscious anti-racist school ...

Australia can ensure the biggest mine in PNG's history won't leave a toxic legacy

Credit: Shutterstock The COVID pandemic slowed mining operations across the Pacific. But as economic activity returns, an Australia-based company is poised to pursue what would be the largest mine in Papua New Guinea’s history. The vast gold and copper ...

Explaining genetic modification research

Credit: CC0 Public Domain What do bananas and cavoodles have in common? They’re both lovely, yellowy and have been produced by genetic manipulation. If we went back in time a few hundred years, bananas and cavoodles would look very ...

Carbon capture potential of agroforestry and trees on farms

Agricultural area with tree cover above and below the median tree cover value, within each grid cell’s respective bioclimatic strata, i.e., carbon and aridity zone combination. Credit: KIB Increased use of trees in agriculture can pave the way toward ...

Bite marks on ancient sperm whale relatives suggest sharks used them as fat sources

MNHN PPI 229 Scaphokogia cochlearis holotype skull in lateral left (a), lateral right (b) and dorsal (c) views, highlighting the shark bite marks and the consecutive numbering of these. Credit: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2022). ...

Diabetes Shown To Accelerate Brain Aging and Cognitive Decline by 26%

The research discovered that patients with type 2 diabetes had consistently and considerably worse cognitive performance when compared to healthy individuals of the same age and education level. An analysis of 20,000 people’s data from the UK Biobank reveals that ...

How technology allows us to reveal secrets of Amazonian biodiversity

Tropical forests are often dark environments where observing wildlife can be highly challenging, despite holding a disproportionate amount of the world’s biodiversity. Credit: Oliver Metcalf Tropical forest covers 12% of the planet’s land surface yet hosts around two thirds ...

Ways to synthesize stable diamane at high pressure

Configurations of cubic diamane (a) and hexagonal diamane (b). Credit: Niu Caoping A research team led by Prof. Wang Xianlong from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has discovered a new method ...

Magnetic nanoparticles can release anti-cancer microRNA on command

Graphical abstract. Credit: Biomedical Engineering Advances (2022). DOI: 10.1016/j.bea.2022.100031 Researchers are pursuing ever-more sophisticated treatments to tackle lung cancer. Traditional chemotherapy can have serious side-effects throughout the body, so many new treatments are highly targeted. These methods allow controlled ...

More income support needed for young people experiencing homelessness, study finds

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain Life improved for young people experiencing homelessness once they were housed through the Government’s Housing First program, with fewer admissions to hospital and visits to emergency departments, although their incomes remained stubbornly low, research published ...

As local newspapers close, struggling communities are hit hardest

How many newspapers in your area? Credit: Northwestern University The United States continues to lose newspapers at a rate of two per week, further dividing the nation into wealthier, faster growing communities with access to local news, and struggling ...

Coconut water aids artificial insemination of pigs

A sow nursing its piglets. Credit: 贺新 陈 from Pixabay Using nutrient-rich coconut water to artificially inseminate female pigs could improve breeding and meat quality, a project carried out in Uganda has found. Uganda has the highest demand for ...

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